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试论专业英语听力教学
时间:2013-12-04 浏览次数:1984次 无忧论文网
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【中文题名】 试论专业英语听力教学 【英文题名】 Teaching Listening Comprehension to English Majors 【中文摘要】 听是一项重要的语言技能,众所周知,人类首先是通过听来接触和学习语言的。不仅如此,在语言习得的整个过程中,听既是一项需要独力训练的语言技能,同时也是学习语言的必要途径。听力理解在英语教学中起着举足轻重的作用。听力理解能力的好坏会直接影响到语言能力的全面提高。在本族语环境中,人们使用最多的语言技能就是听。曾经有人对各种语言技能的使用概率作过这样的比喻:“我们一天听一本书,一周说一本书,一月读一本书,一年写一本书。”这句话充分肯定了听对外语学习的作用。随着第二语言习得理论的发展,听力理解在语言学习中的作用正日 【英文摘要】 Listening is an important language skill. As we all know, human beings come into contact with language and learn it first through listening. Further, listening is not only a language skill which needs separate training, but it is also a necessary way to learn languages. Therefore, listening plays an essential role in English language teaching. The listening proficiency directly influences the improvement of the whole English level. In the native language environment, the frequently used language skill is 摘要 007-009 Abstract 009-12 Introduction 12-14 Chapter One Theoretical Underpinning 14-28 1.1 Psycholinguistic theory 14-18 1.1.1 Language comprehension 14-16 1.1.2 Language production 16-18 1.2 Cognitive theory 18-27 1.2.1 Anderson's view of language learning 18-22 1.2.2 Production system 22-23 1.2.3 Declarative and procedural knowledge 23-25 1.2.4 Stages of skill acquisition 25-33 1.3 Summary 27-28 Chapter Two Literature Review of Studies on Learning Strategies 28-40 2.1 Research history of learning strategies 28-31 2.2 Definitions of learning strategies 31-32 2.3 Classifications of learning strategies 32-37 2.3.1 Rubin 33-33 2.3.2 Tarone 33-35 2.3.3 O'Malley and Chamot 35-36 2.3.4 Cohen 36-36 2.3.5 Oxford 36-40 2.4 The studies of good language learners 37-40 Chapter Three The Main Factors Affecting Use of Learning Strategies 40-52 3.1 Learner factors 40-49 3.1.1 Beliefs about language learning 40-41 3.1.2 Age 41-42 3.1.3 Sex 42-42 3.1.4 Motivation 42-44 3.1.5 Personal background 44-45 3.1.6 Language aptitude 45-46 3.1.7 Personality 46-47 3.1.8 Learning style 47-49 3.2 Situational factors 49-50 3.2.1 Learning setting 49-50 3.2.2 Learning task 50-54 3.3 Summary 50-52 Chapter Four The Importance of Learning Strategies to English Learning at the Preliminary Stage of Primary School 52-70 4.1 The main psychological and cognitive traits of young learners 52-54 4.2 Applying learning strategies to English learning at the preliminary stage of primary school 54-68 4.2.1 Metacognitive strategies 54-59 4.2.2 Cognitive strategies 59-66 4.2.3 Social and affective strategies 66-70 4.3 Summary 68-70 Chapter Five A Study of the Learning Strategies Used by Young Learners and the Effect of Strategy Training on Their English Learning 70-86 5.1 Survey of the learning strategies used by young learners 70-81 5.1.1 Objectives 70-70 5.1.2 Instruments 70-71 5.1.3 Participants 71-71 5.1.4 Data collection and analysis 71-81 5.1.5 Major findings 81-82 5.2 Learning strategy instruction and training 81-84 5.2.1 Objective 82-82 5.2.2 Participants 82-82 5.2.3 Procedure 82-83 5.2.4 Data analysis and major findings 83-93 5.3 Pedagogical implications 84-84 5.4 Summary 84-93 Conclusion 86-089 Bibliography 089-93 Appendix 93-94
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