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夏洛特小姐——论拉斐尔前派代表艺术家对此主题的不同创作手法与价值理念
时间:2011-01-23 浏览次数:1118次 无忧论文网
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文艺学
中外文艺美学研究中外文艺美学研究
    19世纪中期的英国画坛,拉斐尔前派运动风起云涌。该画派受到同一时期英国文学的影响非常大。许多拉斐尔前派艺术家把英国桂冠诗人丁尼生的作品《夏洛特小姐》频频作为其绘画主题。本文利用美术史研究的形式分析法来分析威廉•霍尔曼•亨特、登特•伽伯利尔•罗塞蒂、西德尼•哈洛德•梅特亚德等艺术家所表现的相关主题的作品,结合相关著述,比较其不同创作手法,揭示这些艺术家对这一主题所抱持的独特价值理念。通过对这些作品研究对比,本文试图寻找出拉斐尔前派对同一主题如此热衷的特殊原因。 通过对相关作品的研究,本文认为:拉斐尔前派艺术家如此钟爱这一题材其中一个重要的因素是他们特殊的艺术观和美学观的必然选择。另外,这一题材还体现出了拉斐尔前派艺术家对社会问题的深切关注。“夏洛特小姐”这一诗歌的主题虽然表达的是中世纪的题材,但实质反映的是维多利亚时期女性在英国社会中的角色问题。随着女性在家庭领域地位的提高,像《夏洛特小姐》这样的作品表达出了女性个体的欲望和其社会责任的冲突。拉斐尔前派的艺术家正是利用这一切入点来介入社会生活,表达自己对于维多利亚时期关于家庭与妇女等社会问题的态度。 [英文摘要]:     When the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood began in mid nineteenth century at England, they were greatly influenced by English literature. Many Pre-Raphaelite artists made The Lady of Shallot, which made by Britain Poet Laureate: Alfred Tennyson, as their subject. The author use method of Form Analyze to study such subject by William Holman Hunt, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Sidney Harold Meteyard. In their depictions of the Lady of Shalott, Pre-Raphaelite artists illustrated the role and conditions of women in their contemporary culture. The individual artists' decision to depict specific narrative moments within the poem suggests their differing interpretations of the status of women. As women became the saviors of the increasingly important domestic realm, paintings such as The Lady of Shalott illustrate the tension between their private desires and the reality of their social responsibilities. Pre-Raphaelite artists use this subject to intervene social life, and point out their attitudes toward domestic life and woman in Victorian society.    
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