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隐喻认知与英语学习
时间:2013-12-04 浏览次数:1785次 无忧论文网
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【中文题名】 隐喻认知与英语学习 【英文题名】 Metaphorical Cognition and English Language Learning 【中文摘要】 传统理论只把隐喻视为一种修辞格,认为隐喻是对常规语言的偏离。现代隐喻理论认为隐喻是一种思维方式,一种认知手段;隐喻在人们的日常语言和生活中是普遍存在的;隐喻在组织人们的思想概念体系方面起着基础结构的作用,而不是偏离常规语言的,以达到某种修辞效果为目的的一种手段。这一观点已得到人们的广泛认可。本文将采纳现代隐喻理论观点,对隐喻认知进行分析,并结合隐喻与语言以及隐喻与英语学习的关系,探讨隐喻式的英语学习策略,以达到用现代隐喻理论指导英语学习的目的。 文章的第一章将分析隐喻作为认知手段的三种工作机制,也就 【英文摘要】 In the classical theories, metaphor is treated only as a figure of speech and as deviance from literal language. In the contemporary theory, metaphor is considered as a matter of thought, a way of cognition. And metaphor is pervasive in our everyday life and language. The view that metaphor plays a fundamental structural role in organizing our conceptual systems, rather than serving a deviant rhetorical effect, is now generally accepted. In this thesis, I will take the contemporary view and analyzed it a 【中文关键词】 隐喻. 认知. 映射. 学习策略. 【英文关键词】 metaphor. cognition. mapping. learning strategies. Acknowledgements 3-4 Contents 4-009 Abstract 009-13 Introduction 13-16 Chapter One Metaphorical Cognition 16-35 1.1 Conceptual Metaphor 16-24 1.1.1 Metaphor and Metaphorical Expression 16-18 1.1.2 Cross-domain Mapping 18-21 1.1.3 Cognitive Force of Conceptual Metaphor 21-24 1.2 Image Metaphor 24-30 1.2.1 What Is an Image Metaphor 24-25 1.2.2 Image Schema 25-26 1.2.3 Cognitive Topology and The Invariance Principle 26-28 1.2.4 Cognitive Force of Image Metaphors 28-30 1.3 Blending Theory 30-35 1.3.1 Mental Space 30-32 1.3.2 How Does Blending Theory Work? 32-33 1.3.3 Cognitive Force of Blending Theory 33-35 Chapter Two Metaphor and Language 35-50 2.1 Literal-metaphorical Distinctions 35-36 2.1.1 Classical View 35-36 2.1.2 Contemporary View 36-36 2.2 Linguistic Evidence for Metaphorical Cognition 36-45 2.2.1 Polysemy 36-39 2.2.2 Inference Patterns 39-41 2.2.3 Novel Metaphorical Language 41-43 2.2.4 Semantic Change 43-46 2.3 The Role of Metaphor in Language 45-50 2.3.1 Filling Lexical Gaps 46-48 2.3.2 Metaphor as a Tool of Organization 48-50 Chapter Three Metaphorical Cognition and English Language Learning 50-60 3.1 English Language Learning Process 50-56 3.1.1 The Input Hypothesis 50-53 3.1.2 Memory 53-56 3.1.3 Output 56-60 3.2 Cognitive Views about English Learners and Learning 56-60 Chapter Four Metaphorical Learning Strategies 60-71 4.1 Comprehension Strategies 60-66 4.1.1 Vocabulary Building 60-64 4.1.2 Discourse Analyzing 64-074 4.2 Retention Strategies 66-68 4.3 Production Strategies 68-074 Conclusion 71-74 Notes 74-074 Bibliography 074-76
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