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浅谈非语言交际的中美文化差异与外语教学
时间:2012-09-29 浏览次数:1055次 无忧论文网
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【中文题名】 浅谈非语言交际的中美文化差异与外语教学 【英文题名】 On the Differences between Chinese Culture and American Culture in Nonverbal Communication and English Teaching 【中文摘要】 “人类进行交际活动最重要的工具当然是语言,但是交际工具决不只是语言,例如还依靠很多非语言的符号。实际上,社会交际常常混合了语言与非语言这两种工具。”(陈原,1983:177)陈原的话告诉我们:非语言交际是人类交际活动必不可少的一部分。从某种程度上来讲,有效的交际取决于非语言信息。对非语言信息的无知会造成不完整的交际。语言交际和非语言交际一起构成了整个交际过程,它们相互补充,同时又各具特色。 至于何谓非语言交际,众说不一。总的说来,非语言交际是人类在语言之外进行交流的所有符号。或者说,非语言交际是指在交流环境中 【英文摘要】 "Of course, language is the most important channel of communication in human interaction, but it is not the only one, for example, many nonverbal symbols are necessary in communication. In fact, social communication is effected both verbally and nonverbally. "(Chen Yuan, 1983:177 ). We can draw an important information from Chen Yuan’s words: Nonverbal communication is an essential part of human communication. To a certain extent, effective communication depends on nonverbal messages. Ignorance of nonver 【中文关键词】 文化. 交际. 非语言交际. 文化特性. 【英文关键词】 Culture. Communication. Nonverbal Communication. Cultural-specificity. Acknowledgements 3-4 Abstract in Chinese 4-005 Abstract in English 005-7 Ⅰ Introduction 7-10 Ⅱ The Characteristics, Functions,and Types of Nonverbal Communication 10-14 2.1 The Characteristics of Nonverbal Communication 10-11 2.2 The Functions of Nonverbal Communication 11-13 2.3 The Types of Nonverbal Communication 13-14 Ⅲ Cultural Differences of Nonverbal Communication between Chinese and American 14-33 3.1 Kinesics 14-21 3.1.1 Postures 15-16 3.1.2 Gestures 16-19 3.1.3 Facial expressions 19-20 3.1.4 Oculesics 20-22 3.2 Chronemics 21-25 3.2.1 Informal time 22-22 3.2.2 Past,present, and future 22-23 3.2.3 Monochronic (M-time) and polychronic (P-time) 23-25 3.3 Proxemics 25-28 3.3.1 Spatial distance 25-27 3.3.2 Touch 27-40 3.4 Paralanguage 28-31 3.5 Object Language 31-33 Ⅳ Nonverbal Communication and English Teaching 33-39 4.1 The aim of English teaching is to enhance students’competence of intercultural communication 33-33 4.2 Cultural differences of nonverbal communication is an important part of English teaching 33-35 4.3 The importance of nonverbal communication in English teaching 35-40 Ⅴ Conclusion 39-40 Bibiliography 40-41
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