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二语教与学中的元认知
时间:2012-09-27 浏览次数:1246次 无忧论文网
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【中文题名】 二语教与学中的元认知 【英文题名】 Metacognition in L2 Learning and Teaching 【中文摘要】 通过探讨“元认知”定义以及元认知与其他学习策略的相互关系,作者认为元认知在语言学习策略中起关键性的作用,它不仅控制语言学习过程本身,而且监控其社会和情感方面。成功的语言学习依靠适当策略的适当迁移。这其中受到元认知的一些因素影响:元记忆,元理解,自我调试以及计划训练。作者通过一系列的理论探讨元认知的发展,同时通过一些例子说明其有效性。在回顾了二语学习与阅读策略后,作者着重讨论了阅读理解过程中元认知的作用。作者通过一项调查证明了学习者在学习过程中的策略运用是有差异的。随着对元认知及学习策略研究的深入,越来越 【英文摘要】 After defining the term "metacognition", the author tries to explain the status of metacognition in language learning strategies. The author believes that the metacognition plays a leading role in the language learning strategies. Besides the language learning process itself, Metacognition also monitors social and affective part. Success language learning lies in the appropriate transfer of relevant strategies. This in turn is influenced by the elements of metacogition, some of which are: metamemory, metac 【中文关键词】 元认知. 学习策略. 阅读策略. 【英文关键词】 Metacognition. learning strategies. learner. Introduction 6-6 1. Metacognition 6-14 1.1 What is metacognition? 6-9 1.1.1 Metacognitive knowledge 6-7 1.1.2 Metacognitive experience 7-7 1.1.3 Cognitive vs. Metacogntive strategies 7-8 1.1.4 Conclusion 8-9 1.2 Language learning strategies in foreign language learning 9-15 1.2.1 Background of language learning strategies 9-9 1.2.2 Definition of a language learning strategy 9-10 1.2.3 Metacognition and learning strategies 10-12 1.2.4 The leading role of metacognition in language learning 12-13 1.2.5 Importance of language learning strategies 13-18 2. How to transfer the metacognition 14-18 2.1 How are metacognitive strategies transferred? 15-15 2.2 What is transferred? 15-17 2.3 Conclusion 17-18 3. Developing metacognition 18-25 3.1 Strategies for developing metacognitive behaviors 18-20 3.1.1 Classification of metacognitive behaviors 18-19 3.1.2 An example: Using diaries to develop metacognition 19-45 3.2 Cognitive approach in metacognition development 20-22 3.3 Mnemonic devices 22-24 3.4 Problem-solving 24-26 4. Metacognitive awareness and reading strategies 25-32 4.1 Reading strategies and reading comprehension 26-27 4.2 Reading strategies of successful and unsuccessful learners 27-28 4.3 Strategy use and individual difference 28-29 4.4 Reading strategies and younger learners 29-30 4.5 Metacognitive awareness and Reading comprehension 30-35 5. A survey 32-35 6. Strategy training for learners and the role of the teacher 35-39 6.1 Strategy training for learners 35-37 6.2 The role of teacher 37-45 Conclusion 39-39 References 39-45 Appendix 45-54
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