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计算机英语词汇研究与翻译
时间:2012-09-19 浏览次数:972次 无忧论文网
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【中文题名】 计算机英语词汇研究与翻译 【英文题名】 Computer English Words and Their Translation 【中文摘要】 计算机出现于20世纪40年代,尽管其发展尚处于萌芽阶段,但现在我们所熟悉的一些计算机词汇在那时已开始产生,比如模拟和数码,比特、数据和存储器, 语言和程序,以及穿孔卡片和输入。 50年代,计算机开始从大学实验室走到商务机构中去,我们开始谈论人工智能、信息工业及数据处理。激活程序、调制解调器、在线、即时、打印、随机存取存储器及FORTRAN语言等词汇进入英语中。60年代见证了计算机科学词汇的巨大发展, 随着计算机知识的传播,我们的生活的各个方面在一点点地计算机化, 我们认识到了字节、芯片、光标、鼠标、数据库及软件的重要意义, 【英文摘要】 The advent of computer was in the 1940s. Its development was only in its embryonic phrase, but already many now-familiar elements of computational terminology were falling into place,: analogue and digital; bit, data and memory; language and program; punchcard and imput. In the 1950s, computers were starting to move out of university laboratories into commercial establishments. Artificial intelligence, information technology, and data processing had their beginnings and terms like bootstrap and modem, o 【中文关键词】 计算机. 构词. 语义. 类比. 翻译. 【英文关键词】 computer. word-formation. semantics. analogy. translation. Chapter I Introduction 8-12 1.1 Language and Language Study 8-10 1.2 Definition of Computer English Words 10-10 1.3 Language Change under the Effect of Computer Technology 10-12 Chapter II Word Formation of Computer English Words 12-25 2.1 Compounding 12-15 2.2 Affixation 15-16 2.3 Conversion 16-18 2.4 Blending 18-20 2.5 Acronyms 20-23 2.6 Clipping 23-24 2.7 Eponyms 24-25 Chapter III Characteristics of Computer English Words 25-35 3.1 Brevity 25-29 3.2 Popularity 29-32 3.3 Vividness 32-36 3.3.1 Figures of Speech 32-33 3.3.2 Words from Literature or Myth 33-36 Chapter IV. Semantic Change of Computer English Words 35-47 4.1 Mechanisms of Semantic Change 36-39 4.1.1 Technology and Current Relevance 36-37 4.1.2 Accidental Associations 37-38 4.1.3 Analogical Change 38-39 4.2 Results of Semantic Change in Computer English Words 39-42 4.2.1 Generalization 39-41 4.2.2 Specialization 41-44 4.3 Metaphorical Analysis of Computer English Words 42-48 4.3.1 Computer, a “Scientific” Metaphor 44-45 4.3.2 Metaphors in Computer English Words 45-48 Chapter V Translation of Computer English Words 47-60 5.1 Translation Methods of Computer English Words 48-55 5.1.1 Literal Translation 48-49 5.1.2 Free Translation 49-51 5.1.3 Combination of Literal and Free Translation 51-52 5.1.4 Complete Transliteration 52-53 5.1.5 Half Transliteration 53-54 5.1.6 English Letters plus Chinese Words 54-64 5.2 Intranslatability 55-59 5.3 One Word, Many Translation Versions 59-61 Chapter VI Words Play on Internet Chat 60-69 6.1 Cyberspace and Computer-Mediated-Communication 61-63 6.2 Forms of Words Play on Net Chat 63-81 6.2.1 Alphabet and Number 64-66 6.2.2 Symbols 66-81 Chapter VII Conclusion 69-071 Bibliography 071-75 Abstract (English) 75-81 Abstract (Chinese) 81-85
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