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论介词短语“在+处所”的语义功能和句法生成
时间:2012-09-12 浏览次数:969次 无忧论文网
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【中文题名】 论介词短语“在+处所”的语义功能和句法生成 【英文题名】 The Locative Zai Phrase in Chinese: A Predication Approach 【中文摘要】 本文基于前人的研究和大量语言事实的基础上提出了介词短语“在+处所”三种语义功能:(1)事件发生的时间;(2)动作发生的地点或状态存在的地点;(3)受事或施事因动作而达到的地点。并假设每种语义功能在深层结构中分别衍生于不同的句法位置,即建立一种句法位置与语义功能的一一对应关系。而“在+处所”在表层结构中同一位置上的语义交叉现象是由介词短语移位造成的。 【英文摘要】 This thesis examines the semantic functions and the syntactic representations of the locative zai phrase in Chinese and aims to provide a unified analysis of the derivation of all the surface structures of the zai construction. The empirical evidence is mainly taken from the standard Chinese and partly from the Wu dialects. Our research starts with the scope of our study and the brief introduction to Bowers’ (2002) predication approach, the framework within which our study is carried out (chapter 1). We TABLE OF CONTENTS 6-8 Acknowledgements 8-9 English Abstract 9-10 Chinese Abstract 10-11 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 11-22 1.1 The Scope of the Study 11-13 1.2 Predication Approach 13-20 1.2.1 Theoretical Background 13-17 1.2.1.1 Types of Features 14-15 1.2.1.2 Basic Operation 15-70 1.2.2 Bowers(2002) 17-22 1.3 Overview of the Thesis 20-22 CHAPTER 2 SEMANTIC FUNCTIONS OF THE LOCATIVE ZAI PHRASE IN THREE SYNTACTIC POSITIONS 22-47 2.1 Introduction 22-22 2.2 Three Semantic Functions 22-34 2.2.1 Chao(1968) 22-26 2.2.2 Tai(1975) 26-29 2.2.3 An Interaction 29-32 2.2.4 Identification of One More Semantic Function 32-34 2.2.5 Summary 34-35 2.3 Our Proposal 34-45 2.3.1 Three Corresponding Syntactic Positions 35-40 2.3.2 The Derivation of the Locative zai Phrase in Simple Structures 40-48 2.4 Summary 45-47 CHAPTER 3 THE DERIVATION OF THE ZAI CONSTRUCTION IN PREVIOUS STUDIES 47-63 3.1 Introduction 47-48 3.2 PP-Movement-without-V-Movement Approach to Zai-PPs 48-55 3.2.1 Tai(1975) 48-49 3.2.2 Chen(1978) 49-51 3.2.3 Yu(1999) 51-54 3.2.4 Summary 54-55 3.3 V-Movement-without-PP-Movement Approach to Zai-PPs 55-61 3.3.1 Dai(2002) 55-58 3.3.2 Xiong(2002) 58-64 3.4 Summary 61-63 CHAPTER 4 A NEW UNIFIED ANALYSIS OF THE ZAI CONSTRUCTION 63-81 4.1 Introduction 63-63 4.2 The Derivation of the Postverbal zai Construction 63-75 4.2.1 The Derivation of S+V+O+ZAI-PP 64-68 4.2.2 The Derivation of S+V+ZAI-PP+O and Its Variant 68-87 4.2.2.1 Evidence for Phonological Ellipsis of zai 70-71 4.2.2.2 The Derivation of the V-zai Construction 71-73 4.2.2.3 Evidence for zhuo-shang Being Nominal Phrase 73-87 4.3 The Derivation of The Preverbal zai Construction 75-80 4.4 Summary 80-87 CHAPTER 5 CONCLUDING REMARKS 81-83 REFERENCES 83-87 APPENDIX 87-94
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