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中国私人权益资本发展研究
时间:2011-01-30 浏览次数:1173次 无忧论文网
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国民经济学
投资经济方向投资经济方向
    私人权益资本是指不经过证券交易委员会审批登记的,在私人之间或各金融与非金融机构之间交易的权益资本。在欧美以及新加坡等国家,私人权益资本及其市场蓬勃发展,并成为创业经济尤其是高新技术中小企业融资的重要渠道。在我国,私人权益资本的发展尚处于初级阶段,它的出现对于健全我国金融市场体系、丰富融资渠道、解决中小企业特别是创业性的民营企业的融资问题,以及参与国有企业重组和改革等诸多方面都显示出积极的现实意义。本文试图就私人权益资本在我国资本市场的地位和发展前景做初步的探讨。
    本文分为五个部分,主要章节及内容如下:
    ⒈私人权益资本的概述。该章首先给出了私人权益资本的内涵界定,分析讨论了私人权益资本的特点。然后从投资学、信息经济学和制度经济学的角度,并通过参考2004年最新的国内外理论研究成果,分析了私人权益资本的理论基础。
    ⒉私人权益资本发展的国际经验借鉴。该章分析介绍了美国、欧洲和新加坡私人权益资本的发展概况和特点。通过对上述国家和地区的经验介绍,给我国的私人权益资本市场的发展一些启示。
    ⒊我国私人权益资本在经济发展中的地位研究。该章通过阐述私人权益资本对创业经济、民营经济、国有企业改革和多层次资本市场的构建的促进作用,论证了我国私人权益资本发展的重要地位。
    ⒋我国私人权益资本发展的现状和问题分析。该章通过对我国私人权益资本发展的考察,指出了私人权益资本发展初级阶段的诸多瓶颈。
    ⒌最后笔者通过共计九个方面的篇幅,探讨了关于我国发展私人权益资本行业的政策建议。内容主要包括:拓宽私人权益资本的融资来源,完善退出机制,创造良好的外部环境等。
    本文研究方法的特点是理论分析和政策分析相结合,并通过国际经验及启示,以及尽量引用最新的数据和参考文献,对我国私人权益资本发展提出建议。同时,在以下几个方面有所突破:
     ⒈私人权益资本市场线的构建;
     ⒉关于私人权益资本应用于国有企业改革的思考;
     ⒊一些建设性意见的提出。
     [英文摘要]:     The private equity here we mean the equity transacted among individuals or among various financial and non-financial institutions without the approval by or registration with Stock Exchange Committee. Private equity and its market have been flourishing in the west and some other countries such as Singapore. Private equity has also been becoming a main channel for the rising enterprise to fuse funds especially a catalyst to blaze new trails in science and technology and for science and technology to change into productive forces. In China, private equity is just on the beginning. Its development will undoubtedly benefit the amplification of the financial market system and the enrichment of our financing channel. And it is also of positive and practical significance to the turning-around and reform in the State-owned enterprises and so on. Thus, this thesis is trying to probe the status and foreground of private equity in our country.
    The dissertation is divided into five parts as follows:
    ⒈Summarizes about private equity. At first, the author introduces private equity through its concepts, factors and characteristics. And then with the quotes of the newly theoretical researches,the author respectively analyzes the theoretical basic from the points of investment, info-economics and institutional economics.
    ⒉Introductions on international experiences. By the introductions about the private equity in America, Europe and Singapore, this part is trying to sum up some revelations to our country.
    ⒊Study on the status of private equity in our country’s development. This part explores the probability that private equity can enhance innovation economy, private economy, reform of state-owned enterprise and the construction of multi-level capital market. Meanwhile, it demonstrates the important role that private equity will play in the future.
    ⒋Descriptions of the present situation and weakness as to our private equity industry. Private equity industry in our country is so fresh that there are many shortcomings we should try best to overcome.
    ⒌Proposals on the development of private equity in our country. In this part, the author gives out countermeasures and proposals according to all the above analyses and studies.
    The purpose of this dissertation is to bring forward suggestions for our private equity industry, by studying international experiences and citing latest figures and references.
    There are some endeavors about innovation in this essay as follows:
    ⒈ to draw and explain the market line of private equity;
    ⒉ to detail the role that private equity will play in the reform of state-owned enterprise;
    ⒊ to bring up some constructive proposals.    
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