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性别视野下的古代昭君戏
时间:2011-03-12 浏览次数:1558次 无忧论文网
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    昭君出塞的故事从其发生起就引起了广泛关注。正史、野史、诗词、变文、戏曲乃至神话传说等等,两千年来,对昭君故事的演绎不绝如缕。昭君出塞也由此成为一个重要的文学母题。本文试图从性别理论这一视角对古代昭君戏曲进行分析。在前言部分简要回顾了前人对于昭君戏曲的研究成果,并论证了用性别理论研究昭君戏曲的可行性。正文第一章则对昭君出塞史实进行了辨析,并对古代昭君戏曲作了整理和归纳。第二章是论文的主体,主要着眼于两性关系和昭君形象的分析:从昭君故事中的两次转捩点入手,即元帝和昭君之间这道无形的高墙如何撤消,昭君和国事之间的冲突如何取舍,从中论证出在这场两性关系中,男权是唯一的赢家;接着以昭君登场、入宫、出塞、归宿为线索,对昭君形象做一个深入的分析和定位,得出女性形象在文本中被物化的结论。第三章结合性别与文本之间的关系,即性别和文本通过作者产生联系,分析了各个时代的昭君戏曲所承载的性别内涵,并探讨了作者对昭君故事的删选、重组与性别定见之间的联系。 [英文摘要]:     The story of Zhaojun’s “Chusai” has aroused the widespread interest since it happened .It is depicted into biographies, the unofficial history, the poetry, change article, traditional opera and even myth fable and so on, concerned Zhaojun story deduction becomes common practice .Thus ,it becomes an important literature point in the traditional opera . The paper tries to analyze the traditional opera of Zhaojun by gender theory .In the preface ,the author reviews the predecessor briefly regarding the research results of traditional opera of Zhaojun,and proves the feasibility of the gender fundamental research .In the first chapter of the text the author differentiates and analyses the historical evidence of Zhaojun’s “Chusai”,and presents the traditional opera of Zhaojun. The second chapter is the main part of the paper which mainly focuses on the gender relationship and the analysis of Zhaojun image .The author mainly starts with the two turning points in Zhaojun story ,that is ,how to abolish the invisible tall wall between Emperor Yuan and Zhaojun and how to solve the conflict between Zhaojun and the national affairs, proves that the male power is the only winner in this gender relationship. Then the author takes Zhaojun’s entering the stage ,Zhaojun’s entering the palace ,Zhaojun’s “Chusai”and Zhaojun’s end-result as a clue, makes a thorough analysis and the localization vividly to Zhaojun, obtains the conclusion that the feminine image in the text has been taken as goods instead of human being. In the third chapter the author aims at the relationship between the gender and the text ,namely the gender and the text have the relationship through the author, has analyzed each time the gender connotation the traditional opera of Zhaojun carry ,and discusses the connection between the author’s deleting and recomposing the story and the gender definite opinion.    
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