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经济全球化中的汇率问题
时间:2011-02-12 浏览次数:1358次 无忧论文网
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国民经济学

    经济全球化也可称为国际经济一体化,交通与通讯发展,特别是国际互联网的诞生和迅猛发展,为这一趋势创造了条件。一个国家或地区的经济不可能不、也不得不融入这一浪潮之中,参与国际分工与协作,进行国际贸易,国际金融往来,作为交换媒介的货币在其中扮演了非常重要的角色。汇率自然而然成为了大家关注的问题。这其中既有宏观问题,也有微观问题,汇率在国际经济关系和国民经济运行中的地位日益重要,与我们日常的经济生活也越来越密切。IMF和WTO也总是呼吁各国采取相应步骤,协调各国宏观经济政策和对外经济政策,运用包括汇率的调节手段来调控主要经济变量,并促进经济增长. 本文简要阐述经济全球化的含义,影响,汇率的在经济全球化中的作用。汇率的定义,种类,西方汇率理论的发展脉络,影响汇率的因素,以及汇率变动引起的结果。汇率风险及规避,人民币汇率及可兑换等问题,希望该文能够对于国家利用汇率等杠杆进行调控,以及企业的汇率管理有些借鉴意义。
    由于作者水平有限,加之时间仓促,欠缺之处,敬请批评指正。 [英文摘要]:     Economy globalization, also named economy internationalization. The development of transportation & communication, especially quick development of the INTERNET, it provides facilities for the globalization. Economy of one country or one region has no choice but take part in the tide of globalization.
    Attend the division of work, corporation, international trade, international finance. As the media of exchange, the currency play an important role, the exchange rate have been drawing more and more attention, one side is the question of macro-economics, the other side is micro-economics, the status of exchange rate is becoming significant, and also near our daily life. The organization of WTO & IMF call for every country to take action correspondingly, to harmonize the macro-economics policies and external policies, utilize all the ways to adjust economical variable, promote the economy. This article briefly discusses the conception of globalization of economy, influence, the function of exchange rate, The sorts and conception of exchange. The history of western theories of exchange rate, factors affects exchange rate, the result of change of rate. Rate risk and elusion, exchange of RMB and the possibility of exchanging. I hope that it could be some help to enterprise administration of exchange rate, Marco-regulation.
    
    On account of ability limit and hasty. I am expecting the comment and criticism, so they can be corrected.    
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