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外商直接投资对中国技术溢出效应分析
时间:2011-01-23 浏览次数:1109次 无忧论文网
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产业经济学
外商直接投资外商直接投资
    
    实行改革开放政策以来,利用外资一直是我国社会经济活动的一个重要方面。外商投资在给我国带来资金流量的同时,也带来了先进的技术手段、管理经验等无形资产。而是否获得溢出效应是评价我国引进外资实绩,调整国家外资政策的重要依据。如何最大限度地激励外商直接投资在我国产生溢出效应,同时减少外商直接投资造成的负面影响,成为我国政府和企业所面临的现实问题。本文针对我国吸引外商直接投资的实际情况,在Feder两经济部门模型基础上,利用1998-2003年的省际面板数据,测度了外商直接投资对我国的技术溢出效应,分析了影响外溢效应的主要因素。研究发现,外资通过提高国内资本投入的产出水平,对我国的科技进步产生了积极的促进作用。但从长期上来看,外资投入与我国经济增长并不存在长期稳定关系,而且技术溢出效应存在着地区差异,这主要源于各地区在宏观和微观吸收环境上的差异。最后,本文提出如何通过政策制定来改善外资对我国的技术溢出效应。本文的安排如下:
    第一章介绍了本文的研究对象、选题缘由,本文的研究思路与方法,本文的研究方向与不足之处,以及对相关的文献综述。
    第二章针对改革开放以来跨国公司在我国投资战略的变化,介绍跨国公司在我国投资的现状和趋势,并重点分析跨国公司研发投资的特征和区位选择。
    第三章从定性的角度分析跨国公司在我国投资产生技术溢出效应的机制和影响,以移动电话行业的发展来分析这种影响。
    第四章从定量的角度,先对外商直接投资和我国经济发展的关系进行验证,后建立了一个经济计量模型,研究了两个问题:1.FDI的技术溢出效应是否存在;2.FDI技术溢出效应是否受地区经济水平不平衡影响。
    第五章在前面研究结果的基础上,提出提高外资对我国技术水平促进的政策建议。 [英文摘要]:     Abstract
     
    Since the practice of reform and open policy, how to make use of the foreign investment has become an important part of our social economy activity. Foreign investment not only brings us capital currency, but also brings advanced technology, management experience and so on. The effect of foreign investment in China is measured by the spillover effect, by which we adjust our foreign investment policy. How could we encourage the foreign investment to cause spillover effect? How could we avoid the bad side of foreign investment? These are the problems our government and companies facing with. This thesis looks over the situation of foreign investment in China. This paper use Feder two-sector model and 1998-2003 provincial panel data to test FDI technology spillover effect. The result shows that foreign investment promotes native technology by increasing the capital productivity. But in the long-term, foreign investment does not support our economy sustained growth. And there exists different rate of technology spillover effect among different areas. The main reason is the micro and macro environment are different. At the end of the thesis, the writer gives some policy recommendations to improve the spillover effect. This thesis is spread out as follow:
    First, this paper explains the research object, why to choose it, study methods, study direction and shortage, and relative overview of Literature.
    Second, this paper analyzes the change of foreign investment strategy in our country, introduce the current situation and tendency of foreign, and comment on the foreign research and development in detail.
    Third, this paper explains the channel of technology spillover and its influence. The writer uses the mobile phone industry as an example to analyze this kind of influence.
    Fourth, this paper tests the relationship between FDI and our economy growth. Then, the writer builds a model to test whether technology spillover exists and whether it is based on the native economy condition.
    Last, this paper gives some policy recommendations to improve the FDI spillover.
     
    Key Words: Foreign Direct Investment; Technology advancement; Spillover
         
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