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英汉委婉语对比研究
时间:2013-08-28 浏览次数:1320次 无忧论文网
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【中文题名】 英汉委婉语对比研究【英文题名】 A Contrastive Study of English Euphemism and Chinese Euphemism 【中文摘要】 禁忌是人类社会的普遍的文化现象之一。思维对这一文化现象的反映,在语言交际中表现出来,就形成了禁忌语。在现实生活中,人们尽量避免提及那些禁忌领域,也尽量避免使用禁忌语。然而在很多情况下,人们不得不谈及那些敏感方面,但又不能直接明了地将它们表达出来。为满足交际需要又不至于犯忌,人们便使用含蓄曲折,拐弯抹角的方式把话说出来,这就是委婉语。委婉浯和禁忌语是一枚钱币的两面:面目不一而价值无二。 从心理上看,人们都喜欢好看、中听的。语言中有许多表达法不是出于避讳禁忌或不雅粗俗之物,而是出于礼貌策略的需要,把话说 【英文摘要】 Taboo is a common cultural phenomenon of human society. Reflected in thinkiiTg and manifested in language communicanion, this phenomenon displays itself in the form of verbal taboo. In real life, people try not to mention those taboo areas and to avoid using taboo language. In many cases, however, people have to speak of those sensitive areas, to which they cannot give direct and explicit expressions. To carry on communication and to avoid violating certain taboos, people speak out their mind in implicit 【中文关键词】 语言. 文化. 禁忌语. 委婉语. 比较. 【英文关键词】 language. culture. taboo. euphemism. contrast. 【作者】 杨宏伟. 【导师】 徐继旺. 【论文级别】 硕士 【学科专业名称】 英语语言文学 【学位授予单位】 广西师范大学. 【论文提交日期】 2001-04-01 Acknowledgements 3-4 Abstract in Chinese 4-6 Abstract in English 6-9 Part Ⅰ Introduction 9-13 1.1 Euphemism Study in Retrospect 9-10 1.2 Euphemism Study in Prospect 10-12 1.3 The Scope of This Thesis 12-13 Part Ⅱ Language, Culture, Taboo and Euphemism 13-21 2.1 Language and Culture 13-14 2.2 Taboo and Euphemism 14-15 2.3 Classification of Euphemism 15-17 2.4 Laws in the Making of Euphemism 17-18 2.5 Principles in the Making of Euphemism 18-21 Part Ⅲ A Contrastive Analysis of English Euphemism and Chinese Euphemism 21-32 3.1 In Terms of the Range of Use 21-23 3.2 In Terms of Formation 23-27 3.3 In Terms of Style 27-29 3.4 In Terms of Psychological Factors 29-35 Part Ⅳ Euphemism and Pragmatic Failure in Intercultural Communication 32-34 Part Ⅴ Conclusion 34-35 Bibliography 35-36
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