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RFID使能应用集成中间件评估指标体系研究
时间:2011-02-28 浏览次数:1092次 无忧论文网
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管理科学与工程
RFID中间件RFID中间件
    在RFID的应用和研究中,RFID中间件是一个备受关注的问题,它支撑着RFID技术发挥价值,是衔接硬件设备如标签、阅读器和企业应用软件如企业资源规划(ERP)、客户关系管理(CRM)等的桥梁。但企业要选择一个符合要求的RFID中间件,不仅需要对RFID中间件作出功能上的评估,还必须考虑经济因素、集成因素、安全因素等。RFID中间件的选型涉及了企业IT架构、业务流程、操作方式的变化,简单仓促的应用决策将带来人力、物力、财力的损失。而现有的对RFID中间件选型的研究大多基于经济角度或功能角度,缺乏全面的、充分体现RFID技术特殊性的RFID中间件评估指标体系。因此,本文首先分析RFID中间件的逻辑架构和企业应用需求,在逻辑架构上从设备集成、事件管理和应用集成三方面具体展开论述,并分析涉及的技术,在应用需求上,提出一个包含三个阶段的RFID中间件发展模式。基于RFID中间件的逻辑架构和应用需求,探讨符合发展需要的RFID集成中间件的必备功能和可选功能。然后,提出一个RFID中间件评估指标体系,指标体系的建立基于软件工程思想与国际RFID中间件标准,同时与其他评估指标不同的是该指标体系的针对性更强,在选择指标时采用理论和实际相结合的方法,以期为企业进行RFID应用的战略规划提供指导,同时帮助国内RFID中间件厂商更加了解RFID中间件的长远需求。最后,根据本文提出的评估指标体系,选取现有的9种RFID中间件进行评估,并进行了RFID中间件的对比和综合分析。 [英文摘要]:     RFID middleware gained a lot attention, it supports the RFID application, it is the brige between devices such as tags, readers and enterprise applications such as enterprise resource planning (ERP), customer relationship Management (CRM). However, enterprises should select a suitable RFID middleware, not only satisfy the functional criteria, but also consider the economic, integration, security and other factors. The selection of RFID middleware would involved the IT infrastructure, business process and the operation of business, the hasty decision-making would bring the human, material or financial losses. While the existing study of RFID middleware evaluation are based on economic or functional perspective, which means that a comprehensive RFID middleware evaluation criteria should be needed, and fully reflects the features of RFID technology. Firstly, it focuses on the logic infrastructure and requirements of the RFID middleware, and analysis the three core functional parts of the RFID middleware. Based on the application it divide the application model into slap and ship application model, ROI oriented application model, integration application model. Based on these we analysis the function of RFID middleware. Then analysis the requirements from management and technology, and build an evaluation criteria from economic, functional, integration, and security perspective. The evaluation criteria were establishment based on the software engineering and the international RFID middleware standard, and more targeted of indicators, combining the approach of theoretical and practical. It built to help the companies to do strategic planning, and also help domestic RFID middleware vendors to better understanding the long-term demand of RFID middleware.Finally, it selects nine RFID middleware products on the market to evaluate, and analysis their different performance.    
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