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论电影艺术的特征:从门类艺术的比较出发
时间:2011-03-07 浏览次数:1946次 无忧论文网
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艺术学
艺术美学艺术美学
    电影作为一门艺术和其它艺术门类明显不同的地方,在于其它的艺术门类是不知道自己生日的,而电影知道。本篇论文就从这一不同点入手,从电影艺术的产生开始,论及电影的语言。它的基本语汇是画面和音响;蒙太奇则是贯穿其中的语法和修辞手段;擅长拍摄运动着的对象,也让运动性成为了电影的语意。画面、音响、蒙太奇和运动性,让电影具有了独一无二的艺术魅力,这种艺术魅力更突出的展示在有电影语言产生的电影的特性之中。
    电影的艺术特征是区别于其他艺术而言的。本文选择了戏剧、小说、绘画、电视作为电影的比较对象,从各个角度论述了电影艺术的特征。假定与真实、扮演与制作、旁观与同化之间的区别划分了戏剧与电影的界限;演故事与讲故事、观看与阅读、时空综合与时间性让电影与小说区别开来;即便是与具有很多共同“语言”的电视相比,由于其观看环境与方式上存在很大的差异,使得它们在叙事的完整性和片断性上相互区别,并且在画面与声音上各有侧重,这些区别也让它们作为两类不同的艺术而存在。
    所以,与戏剧相比,电影是体验真实的“梦境”;与小说相比,它是呈现于时空中可视的故事;与电视相比,它是必须在影院环境中观看的,具有仪式性的一项活动。
     [英文摘要]:     Movie is different with other forms of arts, because others do not know their birthdays, but movie. This thesis starts with this difference, discusses the language of movie from the birth of this art. Its basic vocabulary are frame and sound; montage is movie's grammar and rhetoric; moving is movie's meaning because it is good at filming objects which are moving. Frame、sound、montage and moving,make movie have a unique fascination, which is presented in the characteristics of movie that are came from the languages of movie.  
    The characteristics of movie are different from that of other forms of arts. This thesis chooses drama、novel、painting and TV as the objects to be compared, discussed the characteristics of the movie from every point of view. The differences between hypothesis and truth、acting and making、being an onlooker and assimilation mark the boundaries between movie and drama; acting a story and telling a story、watching and reading、space-time and timeliness distinguish movie and novel; Even if movie and TV have some "languages" in common, the gap between their watching environment and manner distinguish their completeness and snippet, and they emphasize particularly on frame and sound, these differences make they different forms of arts.  
     So, compared with drama, movie is the "dream" that experiences truth; compared with novel, movie is the story that can be seen is space-time; compared with TV, movie is a ceremonial activity and must be watching in the cinema.  
        
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