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网络时代的恋人絮语:关于网络电影的研究
时间:2011-03-05 浏览次数:1316次 无忧论文网
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艺术学
网络艺术网络艺术
     
         
    网络电影产生于富有后现代色彩的网络空间之中。后现代语境对网络观众的审美需求以及网络影片本身都产生了重大影响。本文重点结合后现代的文艺理论,论述了网络电影的审美语境、表现形式、艺术特征。
    本文分为四大部分。
    第一部分对“网络电影”这一容易被混淆的概念进行了界定,指出网络电影是那些专门为网络播放而制作的影片,从而在概念上将网络电影与传统电影、DV电影、博客电影区分开来。
    第二部分立足于后现代,分析了网络时代电影观众的审美需求以及网络电影的表现形式。首先,分析并指出了网络电影是电影艺术向网络观众“各说各话”的审美需求靠拢的一种结果。其次,结合其所依存的审美语境,将纷繁多样的网络电影形态归结为三种主要形式。
    第三部分论述了在后现代语境影响之下,网络电影呈现出的艺术特征。首先,文章阐述的是流动性、去中心的叙事方式。通过这样的叙事方式,网络电影打破了传统电影叙事的固定化和中心性,从而消解了电影叙事的崇高性和神圣性。其次,文章分析了互动性的传播生态。网络电影采用了互动性的传播方式,在其传播过程中,绝对意义上的“旁观者”开始消失。再次,文章论述的是活性的接受方式。网络电影的文本是可写性的,这样的开放性决定了它是一种“活性”的艺术存在。观众在接受过程中,可以按照自己的审美理想对网络影片进行书写、修正、回答、演出。
    第四部分在追述网络电影的历史脉络的基础上,结合网络技术的发展趋势对网络电影的未来走向进行了预测。 [英文摘要]:          
    Online movie produces in the post-modern cyberspace. The post-modern context has deeply influenced the network audience's aesthetic demand as well as the online movie itself. This thesis mainly discusses the aesthetic context, the manifestation and the artistic features of online movie. It combines many theories, especially the postmodernism.
    This thesis is divided into four major parts.
    Part one tries to define the "online movie" which has confused us. It argues that online movie is dedicated to the networks broadcast, and therefore it's a different concept compared with the traditional movie, DV movie, Blog movie.
    Basing on the postmodernism, part two analyses the network audiences' aesthetic demand, and the manifestation of online movie as well. First of all, online movie is a result of the cinematic art which inclined to various aesthetic demand of the network audience. Secondly, it can be attributed to three main forms according to the aesthetic context.
     Part three discusses the artistic features of online movie in the post-modern context. At first, the thesis describes the fluid and acentric narrative mode. By doing this, the movie breaks the fixity and the centricity of the traditional narrative. Thus it defuses the movie narrative noble and sacred nature. Secondly, the thesis analyses the interaction of communicating ecology. Online movie uses interactive mode of transmission, in its communication process, the absolute sense of the "bystander" begins to disappear. Also, the thesis discusses the living acceptable manner. Online movie can be written, which leads to it's "living" existence. In course of acceptation, the audience can write, modify, answer or play the movie as he or she likes. Combining the development trend of the network technology, the last part predicts the future for the online movie on the basis of it's history.    
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