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生态文学_诗意栖息与拯救的言说
时间:2011-01-26 浏览次数:1087次 无忧论文网
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    笔者认为获得命名的生态文学写作是在生态环境日益恶化的现实状况下,在生态哲学思想介入和影响下,作家站在生态立场上的写作。它是作家主动和自觉的文化选择,是作家对人类存在的思考,表达了作家的生态思想、生态责任、生态批判和生态情感。
    生态文学追求生态的诗意表达,它是存在之思的诗意言说,或者说是生态之思的诗意昭示。生态写作是具有浓郁悲剧色彩的写作,它的悲剧性源于生态题材的宏大、生态灾难的惨烈、生态冲突的尖锐、生态拯救的艰难以及这一事业的崇高。
    论文总结了目前生态文学写作中的基本主题和主要意象,指出了传统文学对生态文学创作的诸多启示。论文还指出,尽管目前国内生态文学的创作还存在着许多缺憾,比如部分作品对现实的分析评论和生态思想的直接表达过多;题材较为狭窄,且由于缺乏整体生态哲学和诗学思想的指导,造成生态意识的表达流于分散;表现手法和体裁单一,还未形成生态文学自身鲜明的艺术特征,但它无论从文学自身的发展还是从对生态现实的影响来看都具有重要的价值和意义。
    为了让理论的建构与具体的文本结合起来,笔者在本文的结尾部分选取了三个作家,分别对他们的作品从生态文学的角度进行了分析和阐释,提出了自己的看法和见解。 [英文摘要]:     The writer thinks that writing by the name of ecological literature means that with the involvement and influence of the ecological philosophy, the author writes at the ecological stand, in the real situation with the ecological environment being steadily deteriorated. It is the author’s active and conscious cultural choice and the author’s thoughts on human being’s existence, and shows the author’s ecological thoughts, responsibilities, criticism and feelings.
    Ecological literature seeks the poetic expression of ecology, which is the poetic declaration of the existence or of the ecology and the writing with strong tragedy, which lies in the grandness of the ecological theme, the disastrousness of the ecological suffering, the sharpness of the ecological conflict, the hardness of the ecological salvation, and the loftiness of this undertaking.
    In this article, the basic theme and main imagoes of current ecological literature are summarized and a great deal of enlightenment that the ecological literature gains from the traditional literature is pointed out. Though in current ecological literature in our country, there are lots of shortcomings, for example, some works having too many analyses and comments on the reality and the direct expression of ecological thoughts, the theme being too narrow and lack of the lead of the ecological philosophy and poetics as a whole, causing the expression of ecological consciousness to be scattered, the technique and type of expression being unitary, and still not forming its own distinctive artistic features of ecological literature, it has important value and significance to both the development of the literature itself and the influence of the ecological reality.
      In order to combine the theory construction with specific works, at the end of this article, the writer takes three authors as examples, analyzes and interprets their works at the angle of ecological literature, and puts forward her own views on it.    
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