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作为隐喻的身体 ——论原始思维中相似性体系的一个支点
时间:2011-01-24 浏览次数:1027次 无忧论文网
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    论文摘要
    原始思维在某种程度上决定了文化形态的特征以及文化的发展趋向。原始思维认识世界、组织世界的方式是依据相似性原则展开的,它所构建的文化世界既存在着一定的秩序,同时又满含着诗意。相似性的世界充满了表象与意义的滑动,充满了象征和隐喻。于是,所有事物以及其意义都在相似性中敞开。在认识相似性时,必须要通过记号来揭开庞大的相似性体系。在原始思维中,所有的事物都具有记号的功能。它们既是自身又是与自身相似的其他事物、属性等等。在相似性体系里面,因为记号在想象的空间中不断的进行意义上的滑动,所以,记号与其他事物必须要依靠想象来完成其相似化的过程。于是记号也就成了认识世界的一个支点。虽然,世界上的任何事物都可以作为揭示整个世界的记号,但从普遍性的角度来说,身体、生死问题作为把握原始思维相似性的一个记号显得更为突出。本文通过对这一记号进行分析,对围绕着这个记号、支点以相似性原则对与之匹配的整个世界进行图表式的勾勒。身体的自然属性、以身体作为隐喻的诸多事物都确立了与之相似的世界,所有的事物也就可以维系在身体这个支点上。围绕这个支点,万物通过适合、仿效、类推、交感的方式组织起有秩序、诗意的世界。这种有关于以身体作为支点的世界的一面在后来的文化发展中继续存在,并演变成艺术创作、审美的手段。身体的性别差异引导出两分法构成的古代世界;身体生与死的统一与对抗又在不同的文化体系内,按照相似性原则寻找各自不同的匹配事物和匹配方式,从而形成了不同的文化现象和迥异的审美思维。 [英文摘要]:     Abstracts
    In a way, primordial thoughts determine the characteristics and the developing tendency of culture. How these thoughts cognize and organize the world is expanded by principles of comparability, hence the culture constructed not only includes order but also is full of flavor of poetry. Variations between idea and meaning, together with symbolization and metaphor, prevail in the world of comparability. So, everything and its meaning open by comparability; it’s also compulsory to use symbols to discover the huge system of comparability when trying to get to know it. In primordial thoughts, all objects function as symbols. They are themselves and also other things or properties which are comparable to them. Meanwhile, in the system of comparability, the meaning of symbols varies continuously through imagination, so symbols and other things have to achieve their comparability by imagination. Thereby symbols become the pivot to know the world. Though, anything could be the symbol to decode the whole world; in the general point of view, body, body will or the problem of to be or not is in a prominent position to interpret the comparability of primordial thoughts as a symbol. In this thesis, the symbol of bodies is analyzed, a concise abstractive outline of the world which is surrounding this pivot and matches it by principles of comparability is drew. Natural properties of bodies and their metaphor establish a comparable world; hence everything locates on this pivot and constructs the ordered and poetic world by means of adaptation, imitation, derivation and interaction. The pivot about the metaphor of bodies has been continuing to exist in later culture development and has been evolved into a method of artistic creation and understanding aesthetic work. Gender difference of the body introduces the ancient world of dichotomy; in different cultural systems, unification and contradiction between life and death have induced various cultural phenomena and aesthetic thoughts according to different ways to find matching objects in the principles of comparability.    
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